文章摘要
林燕,张发钦,李海涛.糖尿病患者胆囊切除术后胃轻瘫临床特征分析[J].实用中西医结合临床,2019,19(11):
糖尿病患者胆囊切除术后胃轻瘫临床特征分析
Clinical characteristics of gastroparesis after cholecystectomy in diabetic patients.
投稿时间:2019-07-03  修订日期:2019-07-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 胃轻瘫  糖尿病  胆囊切除术
英文关键词: Gastroparesis  Diabetes mellitus  Cholecystectom
基金项目:福建省自然科学(2017J01321)
作者单位E-mail
林燕 厦门大学附属福州第二医院消化内科 2036004254@qq.com 
张发钦 厦门大学附属福州第二医院消化内科  
李海涛 联勤保障部队第九〇〇医院消化内科  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨糖尿病患者胆囊切除术后胃轻瘫的临床特征。方法 回顾性分析2017年1月至2019年5月收治的162例合并糖尿病的胆囊病变患者接受胆囊切除术的临床和随访资料,其中25例术后发生胃轻瘫(胃轻瘫组)、137例术后未发生胃轻瘫(无胃轻瘫组)。统计糖尿病患者胆囊切除术后胃轻瘫的临床症状情况,对比胃轻瘫组和无胃轻瘫组人口学特征、糖尿病、胆囊病变和手术相关指标。结果 本组糖尿病患者胆囊切除术后胃轻瘫发生率为15.4%(25/162),其中轻、中、重度各占48%(12/25)、32%(8/25)和20%(5/25),主要临床症状由高到低依次为恶心(96%,24/25)、呕吐(88%,22/25)、上腹痛(76%,19/25)、腹胀或腹部不适(72%,18/25)、餐后饱胀感/早饱(64%,16/25)。与无胃轻瘫组比较,胃轻瘫组老年、女性、1型糖尿病所占比例较高,体质量指数、糖尿病病程、空腹血糖、糖化血红蛋白水平偏高,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。两组在糖尿病用药情况、胆囊病变种类、手术方式、手术时间、术中出血量等指标方面差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论 糖尿病患者胆囊切除术后胃轻瘫通常为轻、中度,最常见的症状为恶心、呕吐和上腹痛。老年、女性、1型糖尿病、糖尿病病程长和血糖控制不佳的糖尿病患者胆囊切除术后发生胃轻瘫风险较高。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of gastroparesis after cholecystectomy in diabetic patients. Methods The clinical and follow-up data of 162 patients with diabetic cholecystectomy from January 2017 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 25 patients had gastroparesis (gastroparesis group) and 137 patients had no gastroparesis (no gastroparesis group). The clinical symptoms of gastroparesis after cholecystectomy in diabetic patients were analyzed. The demographic characteristics, diabetes mellitus, gallbladder lesions and surgical related indicators were compared between gastroparesis group and non-gastroparesis group. Results The incidence of gastroparesis after cholecystectomy was 15.4% (25/162), of which 48% (12/25), 32% (8/25) and 20% (5/25) were mild, moderate and severe. The main clinical symptoms were nausea (96%, 24/25), vomiting (88%, 22/25), upper abdominal pain (76%, 19/25), abdominal distension or abdominal discomfort (72%, 18/25), postprandial fullness/early satiety (64%, 16/25). Compared with non-gastroparesis group, the proportion of elderly, female and type 1 diabetes mellitus in gastroparesis group was higher, BMI index, course of diabetes mellitus, fasting blood sugar and glycosylated hemoglobin levels were higher, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in diabetes medication, types of gallbladder lesions, operation methods, operation time and intraoperative bleeding volume between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion Gastric paralysis after cholecystectomy in diabetic patients is usually mild to moderate. The main clinical symptoms are nausea, vomiting and epigastric pain. The risk of gastroparesis after cholecystectomy is high in elderly, female, type 1 diabetes mellitus, diabetic patients with long duration and poor glycemic control.
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